Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disorder in which there’s a high level of sugar in the blood. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas inside your body to control this blood glucose. Diabetes can be caused by a deficiency of insulin production, resistance to insulin, or both.
To understand diabetes, it’s important to first understand the normal process by which food is broken down and utilized by the body for energy. Many things happen when food is digested:
A sugar called glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream. Glucose is a source of fuel for our body. Insulin is now produced by the body. This insulin’s role is to move glucose from the bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be stored. Diabetics have high blood glucose because their body can’t move sugar into fat, liver, and muscle tissues to be stored for energy.
Why does this occur?
Their pancreas either does not make enough insulin or the body cells don’t respond to insulin normally. Both of the above could also occur
There are three Big Kinds of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. In this disorder, the body makes little if any insulin. Daily injections of insulin are needed to control this. The exact reason is unknown.
Type 2 diabetes makes up most diatbetes cases. Adults and teenagers are being diagnosed with it because of obesity rates, although it most frequently occurs in adulthood. A lot of people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it. Inside This Kind of Diabetes, the cells of the body require insulin levels that are higher to clean the blood of sugar
Gestational diabetes is high blood glucose that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who doesn’t have diabetes.
Complications of Diabetes:
Periodontitis: Periodontitis is an infection of the supporting structures of the teeth ie, the Alveolar bone that the ligaments as well as the gingiva on top. Diabetics reveal levels of gum ailments which ends in loss of their teeth. In uncontrolled diabetics, there is increased production of advanced glycation end products. these Don’t Allow the collagen to be implanted therefore the hydration tends to crack down at the smallest infection
Diabetic cardiomyopathy: harm to the center, resulting in diastolic dysfunction and eventually heart failure.
Diabetic nephropathy: damage to the kidney that can lead to chronic renal failure, eventually necessitating dialysis. Diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of adult kidney failure from the developed world.
Diabetic neuropathy: abnormal and diminished sensation, usually in a ‘glove and stocking’ distribution starting with the toes but potentially in different nerves, later frequently fingers and hands. This may lead to a foot when combined with damaged blood vessels. Other forms of diabetic neuropathy may present as mononeuritis or neuropathy. Diabetic is muscle weakness due to neuropathy.
Diabetic retinopathy: the increase of friable and poor-quality new blood vessels in the retina as well as macular edema (swelling of the macula), which may lead to severe vision loss or blindness.
Is there an association between gum disease and Diabetes?
For the almost 50 million Indians that have diabetes, many may be surprised to find out about Periodontitis having an unexpected complication related to this condition. Research proves that there is an increased incidence of gum disease known as periodontitis among people with diabetes, ” The American Diabetic Association has added periodontitis to the list of additional 5 based complications associated with diabetes, macrovascular diseases like heart disease, microvascular diseases, retinopathy, nephropathy (renal disease) and neuropathy.
When I’ve gum disease such as Periodontitis will I have more diabetes?
Research is showing that when gum disease/ periodontitis is present it results in elevated amounts of TNF-alpha. The capability of the body to respond to insulin decreases the individual requires a higher dose of insulin or oral hypoglycemic medication to control their rising blood sugar levels. Research has shown that when this gum disease is controlled the amount of medication required reduces. Visit a dental clinic in calgary.
Is There a Two-Way Street?
Yes, the association between serious gum disease and diabetes is two-way. Are people with diabetes susceptible to acute gum disease, but serious gum disease may have the potential to influence blood glucose management and add to the progression of diabetes. Research suggests that individuals with diabetes are at greater risk for oral health issues, such as gingivitis (a premature stage of gum disease) and periodontitis (severe gum disease). People with diabetes are at an increased risk for gum disease that is serious because they have a decreased ability to fight germs which invade the gums and are more vulnerable to fungal infection.
Diabetics should get their periodontal health examined by a periodontist every 6 months.
If I Have Diabetes, am I at Risk for Dental Issues?
In case your blood sugar levels are poorly controlled, then you’re more likely to create severe gum disease and shed more teeth than non-diabetics. Like all infections gum disease may be an important element in causing blood sugar to rise. Other oral problems include thrush, an infection caused by a fungus that grows in the mouth, and dry mouth which could cause cavities, ulcers, diseases, and soreness. Check out Deer Valley Dental here!
How Do I Help Prevent Dental Issues Associated with Diabetes?
First and foremost, control your blood sugar level. Get regular blood tests to take decent care of your teeth and gums, along with routine checkups every six weeks.
Flossing every day helps prevent the build-up of plaque or tarter which ends in gum disease. Care should be taken to not snap the floss between the gums since the gums will be hurt by it.
Brushing should be done twice a day and care ought to be taken to reach every area of the mouth or you’ll be able to ask your dentist to correct your own method. Click here to get started.
Some dental patients complain of excessive dryness that this could result in caries and fungal infections our experts provide gels to prevent this dryness.
To control a fungal disease, maintain good diabetic control, avoid smoking and, even should you wear dentures, remove and clean dentures every day.
Should I Tell My Dental Specialist About My Diabetes?
Yes, most individuals with diabetes have special needs. Please inform us of changes in your condition. Postpone any procedures if your blood sugar is not in hands.
The most frequent complication for diabetics around the dental chair is hypoglycemia, due to the hypoglycemic medications. Please do not come empty belly for appointments.
Prior to some major dental appointment, it is required to acquire a glycated hemoglobin test done. This test tells us the blood sugar levels within a period of 3 months
With appropriate attention and awareness on the part of the patient and physician, Diabetes could be defeated.